Objective: Where we live, learn, work, and play influences the choices we make. Creating a healthy city means creating surroundings where it’s easy for citizens to make the healthy choice — from providing easier access to grocery stores than fast food restaurants to providing bike lanes with direct access to work, shopping centers, and parks. City governments can support the health and vitality of citizens by introducing policies that nudge people into eating better and moving more.
- Identify and help connect people to key resources (for health care, education, safe playgrounds)
- Convene partners (urban planners, architects, engineers, developers, transportation, law enforcement, public health) to consider health impacts when making transportation or land use decisions
- Offer low or no-cost physical activity programs (intramural sports, physical activity clubs)
- Offer opportunities for physical activity across the lifespan (exercise classes for seniors, not just youth)
- Strengthen and enforce transportation safety policies and programs (seat belt laws, child safety and booster seat laws, etc.)
- Implement traffic engineering strategies that allow pedestrians, bicyclists, motorists, and public transportation user to safely move along and across streets
- Promote safer and more concerned communities that prevent injury and violence (by designing safer environments, fostering economic growth)
Complete Streets Policy
- Pass a city resolution or ordinance to adopt Complete Streets principles. This resolution or ordinance includes all ten elements of a comprehensive Complete Streets policy as defined by the National Complete Streets Coalition.
- Ensure staff in charge of design has received training in how to design complete streets.
- Develop a comprehensive smoke-free policy in all indoor and outdoor workplaces and public places and adopt a policy to address smoke-free multi-unit housing.
Healthy Eating & Active Living Policy
- Adopt a Bicycle Master Plan.
- Adopt a Pedestrian Master Plan.
- Update zoning and building codes to encourage mixed-use development and adopt form-based codes for the community or a sub-area of the community.
- Adopt policies to promote outdoor dining.
- Create a policy that facilitates joint-use-of-facilities agreements (such as model joint-use agreements).
- Install bike racks at all municipal buildings.
- Adopt healthy vending standards in municipal buildings and public parks.
- Implement pricing incentives to increase affordability of healthier foods.
- Offer access to fresh-water drinking fountains.
- Encourage healthy mobile vending trucks and healthy foods near schools and public playgrounds.
- Install healthy mobile markets.
- Establish zoning to limit density and location of fast-food establishments and prohibit establishment of new fast-food drive-thrus.
- Establish land-use protections for community gardens and farmer’s markets.
- Offer incentives for food retailers in underserved areas.
- Establish a healthy food and beverage policy at city-sponsored youth sporting events.
- Complete at least one project from the Bicycle Master Plan.
- Complete at least one project from the Pedestrian Master Plan.
- Implement a Complete Streets project.
- Implement a Safe Routes to Schools project.
- Implement permanent strategies to enhance personal safety in areas where people are or could be physically active.
- Establish new community gardens.
- Design safe neighborhoods that encourage physical activity (sidewalks, bike lanes, adequate lighting, multi-use trails, walkways, parks, etc.)